Harold was killed at the Battle of Hastings in Sussex in October 1066, and two months later William ascended the throne. Edward is regarded as responsible for introducing the royal seal and coronation regalia. Template:Succession box Edward, byname Saint Edward the Confessor, (born 1002/05, Islip, Eng.—died Jan. 5, 1066, London; canonized 1161; feast day originally January 5, now October 13), king of England from 1042 to 1066. Also under Edward, a marked change occurred in Anglo-Saxon art, with continental influences becoming more prominent (including the "Winchester Style" which had become known in the 10th century but prominent in the 11th), supplanting Celtic influences prominent in preceding painting, sculpture, calligraphy and jewellery (see Benedictional of St. Æthelwold for an example of the Winchester Style). This trait of his came to be called the king’s touch. Edward is considered a saint by both the Roman Catholic Church, which regards Edward the Confessor as the patron saint of kings, difficult marriages, and separated spouses, and by the Eastern Orthodox Church. Template:Start box His mother was Emma (Ælfgifu), the daughter of Richard I, count of Normandy (d. 996), and sister of the powerful Richard II (996–1026). Edward's sympathies for Norman favourites frustrated Saxon and Danish nobles alike, fuelling the growth of anti-Norman opinion led by Godwin, who had become the king's father-in-law in 1045. Edward the Confessor. His close ties to Normandy prepared the way for the conquest of England by the Normans under William, duke of Normandy (later King William I), in 1066. But Edgar had no secure following among the earls: the resultant succession crisis on Edward's death without a direct "throneworthy" heir — the "foreign" Edgar was a stripling of fourteen — opened the way for Harold's coronation and the invasions of two effective claimants to the throne, the unsuccessful invasion of Harald Hardrada in the north and the successful one of William of Normandy. He called himself ‘king’ during Cnut’s reign. St Edward's Crown is the centrepiece of the Crown Jewels of the United Kingdom. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). He was the eldest son of King Aethelred the Unready by his second wife Emma of Normandy.He was known as the Confessor because he was deeply religious and founded Westminster Abbey. [45] There is some evidence that by 1051 Edward had agreed to William becoming the next king of England but it is also true to say that Edward contacted the exiled son of Edmund Ironside, who was Edward the Confessor’s older half-brother by Ethelred’s first wife, and invited him to return from Hungary. Matters came to a head over a bloody riot at Dover between the townsfolk and Edward's kinsman Eustace, count of Boulogne. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. Godwin refused to punish them, Leofric and Siward backed the King, and Godwin and his family were all exiled in September 1051. Why Famous: Edward the Confessor was the last Anglo-Saxon king from the House of Wessex, and one of the last Anglo-Saxon kings of England. It was created several centuries later. (Edward had exploited his lack of an heir as a diplomatic tool by promising the succession to various parties.) Earl Godwin returned with an armed following a year later, however, forcing the king to restore his title and send away his Norman advisors. Edward, or more especially the mediæval cult which would later grow up around him under the later Plantagenet kings, had a lasting impact on English history. Edward the Confessor was the first Anglo-Saxon and the only king of England to be canonised, but he was part of a tradition of (uncanonised) English royal saints, such as Eadburh of Winchester, a daughter of Edward the Elder, Edith of Wilton, a daughter of Edgar the Peaceful, and Edward the Martyr. He's also regarded as the last king of the House of Wessex. Osbert was, as his surviving letters demonstrate, an active ecclesiastical politician, and went to Rome to advocate the cause for Edward to be declared a saint, successfully securing his canonisation by Pope Alexander III in 1161. The first parish to be founded was St. Edward the Confessor Church in New Fairfield, CT. 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