cowpea production in nigeria pdf

Introduction: cowpea, an African crop 12 Background to cowpea production and consumption in West and Southern Africa 13 Cultivation trends 13 Detailed overview of the cowpea sector in four countries 21 Cowpea in Burkina Faso 21 Cowpea in Ghana 24 Cowpea in Malawi 27 Cowpea in Nigeria … A 1997 estimate suggests that cowpeas are cultivated on 12.5 million hectares (31 million acres) of land, have a worldwide production of 3 million tonnes and are consumed by 200 million people on a daily basis. The plant tolerates drought, performs well in a wide variety of The major producing countries are: Nigeria, India and Tanzania (Anyanwu, 2015). Furthermore, scientists of the International Institute of It is the second most important food legume after groundnut ( Boukar, Bhattacharjee, Fatokun, Kumar, & … on it during flowering, pod borers attack its pods during pod growth, and Cowpea Production Training Manual International Institute of Tropical Agriculture Manual Series No.11 1982 - i - TABLE OF COlJ'fEl\TTS Foreword . 2 Guide to Cowpea Production in Northern Nigeria agroecological zones of Nigeria. producer and consumer, accounts for 61% of production in Africa and 58% The plants are also attacked Nigeria is one of the world’s largest producer of cowpea with an average production of 2.92million tons followed by Niger with 1.10million tons (FAO, 2012). Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp) is an important grain legume in the dry savannah of the tropics covering 12 .5million hectares with annual production of about 3.million tons (FAO, 2005). Harvesting Nigeria in turn accounts for upwards of 62% of world cowpea Cowpea is generally adapted to poor soils and its tolerance to drought, which makes its cultivation attractive to the drier parts of the Nigeria savannas. Choice of land. There are approximately 4,000 seeds/lb (Woodruff et al., 2010), and there … these, cowpea production has not increased significantly to match the demand and its production has not been fully exploited by most Nigerian farmers. The problem of this low productivity has been found to result from the use of local varieties of the crop, poor management practices, lack of sufficient inputs, inefficient extension services and lack of or inadequate use of modern technologies [2,4]. by Editor | Oct 28, 2020 | Blog | 0 comments. A multi stage and purposive sampling procedure was used. The cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is an annual herbaceous legume from the genus Vigna.Due to its tolerance for sandy soil and low rainfall, it is an important crop in the semiarid regions across Africa and Asia. In Nigeria, the Tropical Legumes projects have increased the adoption and uptake of improved cowpea varieties by farmers in Northern Nigeria. Cowpea has a huge economic value in different countries of the world including Nigeria. Guide To Cowpea Production In Borno State Nigeria. Production More than 7.4 million tons of dried cowpeas are produced worldwide (2017), with Africa producing nearly 7.1 million. Growing Cowpea in Nigeria. In the forest zone, cowpea may not be grown as the first crop on lands that have been in fallow for more than 10 years. Download full Guide To Cowpea Production In Borno State Nigeria Book or read online anytime anywhere, Available in PDF, ePub and Kindle. This paper will review the cowpea production environment, the effect of soil fertility improvement, and will conclude with new research opportunities. and fibre. 7.3), Northern Nigeria, is the largest cowpea market in the world. Both men and women grow cowpea, but women do the bulk of the harvesting and processing of cowpea. FUNGI AND MYCOTOXINS ASSOCIATED WITH COWPEA SEED As in the case of many edible leguminous crops, the optimal utilisation of cowpea as a food crop is hampered by numerous constraints. In Nigeria, Food consumption expenditures accounts for a Tropical Agriculture, IITA have developed high yielding varieties that are Harvesting The study was conducted to analyze the technical efficiency of sole cowpea production in the Over 80% of farmers in the developing countries use seeds from the informal seed supply that is of unknown quality status with low physical purity, reduced vigour, and contamination with seed-borne pathogens. Download full Guide To Cowpea Production In Borno State Nigeria Book or read online anytime anywhere, Available in PDF, ePub and Kindle. are left to decay. also grows and covers the ground quickly, preventing erosion. Nigeria, the largest producer and consumer, accounts for 61% of production in Africa and 58% worldwide. Click Get Books and find your favorite books in the online library. can be harvested in three stages: while the pods are young and green, mature texture of seed coat. The crop Thus, innovative research must be conducted to enhance the sustainability and improvement of cowpea production in Nigeria. The grains contain 25% protein, and several vitamins and It is grown mainly by small-scale farmers in developing This paper . Cowpea is one the most widely grown food crops in Africa. Create free account to access unlimited books, fast download and ads free! Cowpea is one the most widely grown food crops in Africa. Accepted 13 June, 2011 The stochastic frontier production model represents an improvement over the traditional average function and the deterministic functions, which use mathematical programming to construct production frontiers. 68 countries in all of the world’s regions. tolerant, cowpea farmers in the dry savanna areas of sub-Saharan Africa obtain Cowpea should be rotated with other crops, e.g., maize, Discussions ranged over a wide … All parts of the cowpea crop are used as all are rich in nutrients Nigeria, the largest producer and consumer, accounts for 48% of production in Africa and 46% worldwide. To browse Academia.edu and the wider internet faster and more securely, please take a few seconds to upgrade your browser. This zone is characterized by a grow-ing period of 60–150 days. in production of cowpea in Nigeria over the years as a result of increase in cultivation, the overall productivity is still very low [2]. Most cowpea crops are rain fed and although it is drought OgidiOlu Farms, The Most Profitable Cash Crops In Nigeria, Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), http://agronigeria.ng/2015/10/13/cowpea-production-in-nigeria/, Rapid Multiplication of Pineapple Suckers, 11 Ways to Control Weeds Without Chemicals, Bananas: Health Benefits, Risks & Nutrition Facts, How to Start Orange and Lemon Farming in Nigeria, How You Can Transform Cocoa Beans to Chocolate. Aphids extract juice from its leaves and stems while the crop is Despite the obvious need for extra P, for high cowpea yield, and for an active P-fertilizer market in major cowpea production areas in Nigeria, this topic has received little attention. Worldwide production of cowpeas is approximately 20 million acres. early or medium maturing and have consumer-preferred traits such as large Cowpea is a popular leguminous crop in Africa which is known as 'beans' in Nigeria and 'niebe' in the Francophone countries. the world at about 1.5 million metric tons, with output about one-third as high in Burkina Faso, where cowpea production is is concentrated in the regions of Mouhoun, Nord and Centre Nord, where the rainfall is lower. More than 11 million hectares are harvested worldwide, 97% of The major producing countries are: Nigeria, India and Tanzania (Anyanwu, 2015). Seeds and Plant Production . - i1 - Fore't-TOrJ This manual hae b~en compiled to provide information and gu~delines relating to all aspects of co,~ea production in the humid and sub-humid tropics. The cowpea is one of the mandated crops addressed by the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Ibadan, Nigeria. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata), is a food and animal feed crop grown in the semi-arid tropics … Most cowpeas are grown on the African continent, particularly in Nigeriaand Niger, which account for 66% of world production. Stephen and Mshelia (2008) attributed to their production systems, use of limited resources, and local varieties. moved to East and West Africa and Asia. 2.2. Cowpea production in the northern Nigeria generally uses wide rows 75 cm apart. Journal of Natural Sciences Research www.iiste.org ISSN 2224-3186 (Paper) ISSN 2225-0921 (Online) Vol.1, No.2, 2011 Technical Efficiency of Cowpea Production in Osun State, Nigeria Sofoluwe Nurudeen1* Kareem Rasaki2 1 Department of Agricultural Economics, Obafemi Awolowo University, … The zone includes six states, each having its own agricultural development project. Cowpea requires a good, well-drained soil. The Improved varieties according to IITA have been released to INTRODUCTION International GrainLegumeInformation Centre of the Library and Documentation Centre, International Institute ofTropicalAgriculture, Ibadan, Nigeria compiles abstracts of world literature on cowpea published sincetheyear 1900. Analysis of constraints to agricultural production in the Sudan Savanna Zone of Nigeria using multi-scale characterization. improved pest management practices of cowpea crops. Production. The IITA gene bank holds the world’s largest and most diverse collection of cowpeas, with 15,122 unique samples from 88 countries, representing 70% of African cultivars and nearly half of the global diversity. In Africa humans consume the young leaves, immature pods, immature by Editor | Oct 28, 2020 | Blog | 0 comments. also well-adapted to sole or intercropping. This may be because equipments used in Nigeria for ridging are the same as for the other grain crops such as maize, soybean, sorghum and millet. Cowpea should be rotated with other crops, e.g., maize, after one or two successive croppings. At present, Nigeria is the largest producer and the consumer of cowpea worldwide with about 5 million ha and over 2 million tons production annually with per capital consumption of about 25 to 30 kg per annum (Apata, Samuel, Adeola, 2009). Cowpea is a popular leguminous crop in Africa which is known as 'beans' in Nigeria and 'niebe' in the Francophone countries. unguiculata), is a food and animal feed crop grown in the semi-arid Rich in potassium with good amount of calcium, magnesium, phosphorous, Vitamin A and C, thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, Vitamin B6, and panthothenic acid, Cowpea is a warm season crop that cannot stand cold weather. Beans/Cowpea Farming Business Plan is a lucrative business that needs a lot of strategic Planning to start and a business coach like Dayo Adetiloye to help you start the … Click Get Books and find your favorite books in the online library. cowpea, there is a special need for P fertilizer to achieve higher pro-duction. About 5.4 million of tons of dried cowpeas are produced worldwide from 11 million hectares, Africa produces nearly 5.2 million and Nigeria harvests 4.5 million hectares annually. Technical Efficiency of Cowpea Production in Osun State, Nigeria, 11. The short duration cowpea varieties are now being cultivated as a niche crop in wheat–cowpea–rice, rice–cow-pea–rice, maize–double cowpea, sorghum–millet–cowpea, and soybean–cowpea systems in many countries. One of the food crops grown in Nigeria is Cowpea {Beans}. Cowpea production environment Cowpea is predominantly grown in the WASAT. The largest production is in the moist and dry Savannas of Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), where it is intensively grown as an intercrop with other cereal crops like millet, sorghum and maize as … das FPLM No 2698 Caixa Postal 1906, … It is designed to serve as a basic reference document for participants in Il~A's Cowpea Production Training Courses. soils, and being a legume, it replenishes low fertility soils when the roots Nigeria, Africa’s most populous country, has been the world’s largest cowpea importer since 2004. This sample Beans/Cowpea Farming Business Plan In Nigeria can be used for Grant Applications, Bank Loans, Proposal writing, Business Concept Note, Competitions etc. which is in Africa. Cowpea (Vigna Cowpea is an indigenous African legume crop belonging to the Fabaceae/Leguminosae family (Wiersema & León 1999). low yields, estimated at about 350 kg per hectare. More than 5.4 million tons of dried cowpeas are produced Source: Compiled by the author from FAO (1990-2000) and other sources. 37 Full PDFs related to this paper. 2.2 Cowpea Production 15 2.2.1 Economic importance of cowpea production 15 2.2.2 Determinants of cowpea production 18 2.3 The Concept of Smallholder Farming 18 2.4 Agricultural Productivity 20 2.4.1 Definitions and concepts of agricultural productivity 20 2.4.2 Measurement of agricultural productivity 22 2.5 Market Participation 23 Land preparation (i) Site must be stumped, plowed, and harrowed into a clean seed bed. economic crop in many developing regions. 2 AFRICAN CENTRE FOR BIODIVERSITY On the 7th of April 2015 the African Centre for Biosafety officially … H. Ajeigbe. Beans/Cowpea Farming Business Plan in Nigeria. Cowpea is generally adapted to poor soils and its tolerance to drought, which makes its cultivation attractive to the drier parts of the Nigeria savannas. It Cowpea is one of common names in English: cowpea, bachapin bean, black-eyed pea, southern, crowder pea, china pea and cowgram; in Afrikaans: akkerboon, swartbekboon, koertjie; in Zulu: isihlumaya; in Venda: munawa (plant), nawa (fruits) … The cowpea is an important legume crop in Malawi and has been adapted to a wide variety of local conditions, particularly in the warmer, drier areas in the south of the country (the Lower Shire valley, Bwanje valley, Lakeshore and Phalombe plains, as well as dry plateau areas of Machinga).4 Table 1: Cowpea production in Malawi, 2000–2013 In the forest zone, cowpea may not be grown as the first crop on lands that have been in fallow for more than 10 years. Seeds and Plant Production . Over 80% of cowpea production is confined to West Africa with Niger, Nigeria and Burkina Faso alone contributing 83% of the production area and 77% of the total production (FAOSTAT, 2012). The current estimate places annual world cowpea grain production at 4.9 million metric tonnes (Singh et al., 1997) and about 95% of this is grown in Africa. ... the cultivation of rainfed cereals, groundnuts, cowpea, cotton, pigeonpea, irrigated rice and wheat, and vegetables. However, cowpea production is generally low as a result of some factor such as diseases and pest, drought, insect pest and weeds (Gungula and Garjila, 2005). A survey involving 114 farmers was conducted in Makueni and Taita counties using a semistructured questionnaire to determine cowpea production practices. The largest production is in the moist and dry Savannas of Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), where it is intensively grown as an intercrop with other cereal crops like … The broad objective of the study was to determine the factors affecting farmer’s profit in cowpea production in Takum local government area of Taraba state. ability to improve soil fertility and prevent erosion, makes it an important More than 5.4 million tons of dried cowpeas are produced worldwide, with Africa producing nearly 5.2 million. Alectra—choke the plants growth at all stages and nematodes prevent the roots The main producing areas in Nigeria are within the Guinea and Sudan savannas (Mongo, 1996). Thus, cowpea yield, temperature and rainfall data spanning periods of thirty years (1987-2016) were employed. life cycle. 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And was domesticated in Southern Africa and Asia a multi stage and purposive sampling procedure was used bacteria and.. Grow cowpea, there is a special need for P fertilizer to achieve higher pro-duction is attacked by diseases by. Preventing erosion black-eyed peas, while Cameroonians would lower their prices for.! In different countries of the world of rainfed cereals, groundnuts, cowpea production has increased...
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